Delegation (or deputation) is the assignment of authority and responsibility to another person (normally from a manager to a subordinate) to carry out specific activities.
However the person who delegated the work remains accountable for the outcome of the delegated work.
Delegation empowers a subordinate to make decisions, i.e. it is a shift of decision-making authority from one organisational level to a lower one.
The opposite of effective delegation is micromanagement, where a manager provides too much input, direction, and review of delegated work.
In general, good delegation can save money and time, help in building skills, and motivate people.
Poor delegation, on the other hand, might cause frustration and confusion to all the involved parties.
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